I explicate here the conditions conducive to fostering democracy in Bhutan. Using an interdisciplinary framework, I argue that village society is fundamentally democratic, but the state is not, and that the state can be democratized by formalizing traditional institutions. However, I argue that anti-Bhutan rebels in Nepal cannot bring democracy to Bhutan.
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Errata: In the September/October 2016 issue (volume 56 number 5, pages 836 and 849), there was a technical printing error in Figures 1b and 2 of the article by Ajay Raina that resulted in a loss of data on the graphs. This online article contains the restored figures in their original, correct state. The error is regretted.