The leadership's policies came under attack from left and right, but they consolidated power at the Sixth Plenum, a meeting remarkable for its attention to social development. The leadership tried to deal with the twin problems of corruption and social inequality. Relations with Japan and North Korea underwent surprising evolution.
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Errata: In the September/October 2016 issue (volume 56 number 5, pages 836 and 849), there was a technical printing error in Figures 1b and 2 of the article by Ajay Raina that resulted in a loss of data on the graphs. This online article contains the restored figures in their original, correct state. The error is regretted.