This article demonstrates how Tokyo has been exercising economic power in the multilateral talks on North Korea, including over the U.S. The implication is that Japanese foreign and security policy can be regarded as "normal" already---hence forming a critique of ideas of "normalization" that are preconditioned on remilitarization.
- ©© 2009 By the Regents of the University of California
Errata: In the September/October 2016 issue (volume 56 number 5, pages 836 and 849), there was a technical printing error in Figures 1b and 2 of the article by Ajay Raina that resulted in a loss of data on the graphs. This online article contains the restored figures in their original, correct state. The error is regretted.